General Eviction Information
What a Landlord Needs to Know to Evict
Here are some terms you should know when you are ready to evict:
- Unconditional quit notice – this is the most extreme notice a landlord can give their tenant. Essentially this notice requires the tenant to vacate the property and provides them no change to rectify their mistakes. This notice is typically used when the tenant has repeatedly broken the lease agreement, has significantly damaged the property or has engaged in illegal activity.
- Cure or quit notice – this notice typically provides the tenant a certain amount of time to "cure" (stop violating the lease agreement) or "quit" (vacate the property). Most landlords use this notice when they want a tenant to stop making excessive noise, need to ask their unauthorized roommate to leave or if they need to remove a pet from the property because they have a no pet clause in the lease.
- Pay or quit notice – this notice is used when a landlord wants the tenant to "pay" their past due rent or vacate (quit) the property. Often the notice give the tenant 3 to 5 days to pay rent but this time frame might vary depending on the state in which you live.
- 30 day or 60 day notice to vacate – these notices are used when a landlord needs to terminate a tenancy without reason. The length of notice will vary slightly depending on your state laws.
- Eviction lawsuit – can only be filed after a tenant has received written notice stating the end of tenancy. If the tenant has not paid due rent or continues to violate the lease agreement you must have them legally served with summons or complaint.
For more information about evicting in these jurisdictions, click on the jurisdiction below.
Prince George’s County, MD – http://www.princegeorgescountymd.gov/Government/JudicialBranch/Sheriff/overview.asp#landlord
Washington, DC – http://www.usmarshals.gov/district/dc-sc/general/evictions.htm
Arlington, VA – http://departments.arlingtonva.us/planning-housing-development/
Anne Arundel County, MD – http://www.aacounty.org/Sheriff/LandlordTenant.cfm
Montgomery County, MD – http://mcsheriff.com/units/evictions.asp
Charles County, MD – http://www.ccso.us/
Baltimore City, MD – http://sheriff.baltimorecity.gov/